Wednesday, 13 June 2012

To say "YA" (O) with Prophet[A.S],Awliyas[rah] after their death is allowed[from Quran and sahih hadiths ]



Proof 1: From Sahih bukhari 



Abu baker (Ra) calling Prophet (Saw) as "YA"
After his death from Sahih bukhari


Bukhari Vol 2 book 23 Hadith 333

Narrated 'Aisha :

Abu Bakr came riding his horse from his dwelling place in As-Sunh. He got down from it, entered the Mosque and did not speak with anybody till he came to me and went direct to the Prophet, who was covered with a marked blanket. Abu Bakr uncovered his face. He knelt down and kissed him and then started weeping and said, "My father and my mother be sacrificed for you, O Allah's Prophet!(Ya Rasool Allah)Allah will not combine two deaths on you. You have died the death which was written for you." (hadith continues )

Here from bukhari even Abu Baker (ra) used YA RASOOL ALLAH after Prophet's (صلی اللہ علیھ وآلھ وسلم) death,

Why did Abu baker (Radhiallah) used the word Ya Rasool Allah (صلی اللہ علیھ وآلھ وسلم) after His (صلی اللہ علیھ وآلھ وسلم) death if it was Haram or a forbidden act

Proof 2 


A Sahabi (radhitallah anho) and 2nd Caliph Hadrat Umar (radhitallah anho) benefiting from intercession of Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم),


أخبرنا أبو نصر بن قتادة، وأبو بكر الفارسي قالا: حدثنا أبو عمر بن مطر، حدثنا إبراهيم بن علي الذهلي، حدثنا يحيى بن يحيى، حدثنا أبو معاوية، عن الأعمش، عن أبي صالح، عن مالك قال: أصاب الناس قحط في زمن عمر بن الخطاب، فجاء رجل إلى قبر النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم. فقاليا رسول الله استسق الله لأمتك فإنهم قد هلكوا. فأتاه رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم في المنام فقال: إيت عمر، فأقرئه مني السلام، وأخبرهم أنه مسقون، وقل له عليك بالكيس الكيس. فأتى الرجل فأخبر عمر، فقال: يا رب ما آلوا إلا ما عجزت عنه.


During the reign of Hazrat Umar (رضى الله عنه) a draught badly threatened the ummah. A person went to Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم)’s grave and sought for help saying YA RAsool Allah (O PRophet ). The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) came into his dream, gave him "basharat" (glad tiding) of rain, and also asked him to warn Hazrat Umar (رضى الله عنه) about the coming threats. Hazrat Umar (رضى الله عنه), when listened his dream wept and assured that he would remain careful as much as possible.




For details on Chain [sanad] of This Sahih hadith
 (Click here )


References


►Ibn-e-Abi Sahiba in Al-Musanaf (Vol.6,Page356,Hadith No:32002)

►Ibn-e-Abdul Bar in Al-Isteaab (Vol.3, Page1149)

►Al-Bahaqi in Dalail-un-Nabu’wa (Vol.8,Page 47)

►As-Subaqi in Shifa-as-Saqam (Vol.1,Page 130)
m
►Ibn-e-Taymiya in Fi-Iqtida-as-Sirat-il-Mustaqim (Vol.1,Page 373)

►Al-Hindi in Kanz-ul-Ammal (Vol.8,Page 431)

►Ibn-e-Kathir (by declaring its isnad as Sahih) in Al-Badaya-wan-Nahaya(Vol.5,Page 168)

►Imam Al-Asqalani (by declaring its isnad as Sahih) in Al-Asabah(Vol.3, Page 484)


Here are those who called hadith sound 


 Ibn Taymiyyah has endorsed its authenticity in his book Iqtidā’-us-sirāt-il-mustaqīm mukhālifat ashāb-il-jahīm (p.373).

► Ibn Kathīr has confirmed the soundness of its transmission in al-Bidāyah wan-nihāyah (5:167).

 Ibn Abū Khaythamah narrated it with the same chain of transmission as quoted by Ibn Hajar ‘Asqalānī in al-Isābah fī tamyīz-is-sahābah (3:484),

Imam Ibn e Hajar (rah) writes in Fath-ul-bārī (2:495-6): “Ibn Abū Shaybah transmitted it with a sound chain of transmission and Sayf bin ‘Umar Tamīmī has recorded it in al-Futūh-ul-kabīr that the dreamer was a Companion known as Bilāl bin Hārith Muzanī.”

 Qastallānī has remarked in al-Mawāhib-ul-laduniyyah (4:276) that Ibn Abū Shaybah has narrated it with a sound chain of transmission

 Zurqānī has supported Qastallānī in his Commentary (11:150-1) and called its chain sound


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[B]
Proof 3: Using "YA" from Far Away

Sahih hadith quoted by Imam bukhari [rah] says 

Abu Nu’aym related to us who said that Sufyan related to us from Abu Ishaq from Abdar Rahman ibn Sa’d, who said:

Ibn Umar had numbness in his leg
, whereupon a man said to him:

“Remember the most beloved of people to you”, so he said: “Ya Muhammad”

[Imam al-Bukhari in Adab al-Mufrad (Hadith No. 964) in the chapter of What should be Done if Leg becomes Numb]

Click here to see Authenticity of Chain of Hadith 


The hadith has All Thiqa narrators of Bukhari and Muslim , Authenticity of this hadith is prove herehttp://sunniforum.net/showthread.php?t=47




Proof 4 


Quran says 


{ وَمَآ أَرْسَلْنَا مِن رَّسُولٍ إِلاَّ لِيُطَاعَ بِإِذْنِ ٱللَّهِ وَلَوْ أَنَّهُمْ إِذ ظَّلَمُوۤاْ أَنْفُسَهُمْ جَآءُوكَ فَٱسْتَغْفَرُواْ ٱللَّهَ وَٱسْتَغْفَرَ لَهُمُ ٱلرَّسُولُ لَوَجَدُواْ ٱللَّهَ تَوَّاباً رَّحِيماً }


(O beloved!) And if they had come to you, when they had wronged their souls, and asked forgiveness of Allah, and the Messenger also had asked forgiveness for them, they (on the basis of this means and intercession) would have surely found Allah the Granter of repentance, extremely Merciful.
 (Quran 4:64) 

Tafsir Ibn e Khatir for 4:64 


لحكاية المشهورة عن العتبي، قال: كنت جالساً عند قبر النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم فجاء أعرابي فقال: السلام عليك يا رسول الله، سمعت الله يقول: { وَلَوْ أَنَّهُمْ إِذ ظَّلَمُوۤاْ أَنفُسَهُمْ جَآءُوكَ فَٱسْتَغْفَرُواْ ٱللَّهَ وَٱسْتَغْفَرَ لَهُمُ ٱلرَّسُولُ لَوَجَدُواْ ٱللَّهَ تَوَّاباً رَّحِيماً } وقد جئتك مستغفراً لذنبي، مستشفعاً بك إلى ربي. ثم أنشأ يقول:
يا خَيْرَ مَنْ دُفِنَتْ بِالقاعِ أَعْظُمُهُ فَطابَ مِنْ طِيْبِهِنَّ القاعُ والأَكَمُ
نَفْسِي الفِداءُ لِقَبْرٍ أَنْتَ ساكِنُهُ فيهِ العَفافُ وفيهِ الجُودُ والكَرَمُ
ثم انصرف الأعرابي، فغلبتني عيني، فرأيت النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم في النوم، فقال: يا عتبي الحق الأعرابي، فبشره أن الله قد غفر له».



Allah is exhorting the sinners and evildoers that when they commit sins and errors they should call on the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) and ask forgiveness from Allah. They should also request the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) to pray for them. When they do so, Allah will turn to them and forgive them and He will show mercy to them. That is why He used the words la-wajadullāha tawwāban-rahīmā (they (on the basis of this means and intercession) would have surely found Allah the Granter of repentance, extremely Merciful).


Many have stated this tradition. One of them is Abū Mansūr Sabbāgh who writes in his book al-Hikāyāt-ul-mashhūrah that, according to ‘Utbī, once he was sitting beside the Prophet’s grave when a bedouin came and he said, “Peace be on you, O Allah’s Messenger. I have heard that Allah says: ‘(O beloved!) And if they had come to you, when they had wronged their souls, and asked forgiveness of Allah, and the Messenger also had asked forgiveness for them, they (on the basis of this means and intercession) would have surely found Allah the Granter of repentance, extremely Merciful.’ I have come to you, asking forgiveness for my sins and I make you as my intermediary before my Lord and I have come to you for this purpose.”
.
Then he recited these verses:
,
يا خَيْرَ مَنْ دُفِنَتْ بِالقاعِ أَعْظُمُهُ فَطابَ مِنْ طِيْبِهِنَّ القاعُ والأَكَمُ
نَفْسِي الفِداءُ لِقَبْرٍ أَنْتَ ساكِنُهُ فيهِ العَفافُ وفيهِ الجُودُ والكَرَمُ

“O(YA), the most exalted among the buried people who improved the worth of the plains and the hillocks!May I sacrifice my life for this grave which is made radiant by you, (the Prophet,) the one who is (an embodiment) of mercy and forgiveness.” 

Then the bedouin went away and I fell asleep. In my dream I saw the Holy Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم). He said to me: O ‘Utbī, the bedouin is right, go and give him the good news that Allah has forgiven his sins


(Tafsir ibn e khatir for 4:64 )

,
http://www.altafsir.com/Tafasir.asp?...&UserProfile=0


Also recorded in 


► Bayhaqī in Shu‘ab-ul-īmān (3:495-6#4178)

►Ibn Qudāmah in al-Mughnī (3:557).

►Nawawī in al-Adhkār (pp. 92-3).

►Ibn ‘Asākir in Tahdhīb tārīkh Dimashq al-kabīr popularly known as Tārīkh/Tahdhīb Ibn ‘Asākir as quoted by Subkī in Shifā’-us-siqām fī ziyārat khayr-il-anām (pp. 46-7)

►Ibn Hajar Haythamī in al-Jawhar-ul-munazzam (p. 51).


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Proof 5 


وعن أبي هريرة قال: سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلّم يقول: والّذي نَفْسُ أَبي القاسِمِ بِيَدِهِ لَيَنْزِلَنَّ عيسى ابنُ مَريمَ إمَاماً مُقْسِطاً، وَحَكَماً عَدْلاً، فَلَيَكْسِرَنَّ الصَّلِيْبَ، وَيَقْتُلَنَّ الخِنْزِيرَ، وَلَيُصْلِحَنَّ ذَاتَ البَيْنِ، وَلَيُذْهِبَنَّ الشَّحْنَاءَ، وَلَيَعْرُضَنَّ المَالَ فَلا يَقْبَلهُ أَحَدٌ، ثُمَّ لَئِنْ قَامَ على قَبْرِي فَقَالَ: يَا مُحَمَّدُ لأجِيْبَنَّهُ
. قلت: هو في الصحيح باختصار.
رواه أبو يعلى ورجاله رجال الصحيح
,


Narrated Abu Hurayra I heard the Prophet say: "By the one in Whose hand is Abu al-Qasim's soul, `Isa ibn Maryam shall descend as a just and wise ruler. He shall destroy the cross, slay the swine, eradicate discord and grudges, and money shall be offered to him but he will not accept it. Then he shall stand at my grave side and say: Ya Muhammad! and I will answer him.

►Ibn Hajar al-`Asqalani cites it in al-Matalib al-`aliya (Kuwait, 1393/1973)

►Abu Ya`la relates it with a sound (sahih) chain in his Musnad Volume No. 11, Page No. 462, Published by Dar ul Kutb al-iLmiyyah;



Proof 6 


Mentioned in the Qur'an:


Quran states: So Salih left them, saying: "O my people! I did indeed convey to you the message for which I was sent by my Lord: I gave you good counsel, but ye love not good counselors!"(Quran 7:79)
,
The word "O my people! is mentioned for those who died, it surely conveys the idea that they(kafirs) cannot only Hear but also alive in their grave ,

Tafsir ibn e Khateer Says for 7:79 


هذا تقريع من صالح عليه السلام لقومه، لما أهلكهم الله بمخالفتهم إياه، وتمردهم على الله، وإبائهم عن قبول الحق، وإعراضهم عن الهدى إلى العمى، قال لهم صالح ذلك بعد هلاكهم، تقريعاً وتوبيخاً، وهم يسمعون ذلك، كما ثبت في الصحيحين: أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم لما ظهر على أهل بدر، 


Translation: These were the words of admonishment which Salih exchanged with his nation after “ALLAH HAD DESTROYED THEM” for denying him and also becoming renegades against him, rejecting to accept the Haqq (truth) plus giving preference to misguidance over guidance. Hadrat Salih (a.s) said these words after they were “DESTROYED AND THEY HEARD THEM (WORDS) TOO”

In relevance to this It is narrated in the 2 books of Sahih (i.e. Bukhari and Muslim) that the Messenger (saw) defeated the kufaar in Badr … (then Imam Ibn Kathir mentions the sahih hadith of dead hearing the cal; as mentioned before)

[Tafsir Ibn Kathir under 7:79 for this Quranic verse]


Arabic source

http://www.altafsir.com/Tafasir.asp?...0&LanguageId=1



Proof 7 


And
,
Narrated Abu Talha:

"On the day of Badr, the Prophet ordered that the corpses of twenty four leaders of Quraish should be thrown into one of the dirty dry wells of Badr. When he halted at the edge of the well, he addressed the corpses of the Quraish infidels by their names and their fathers' names, "O [YA] so-and-so, son of so-and-so and O so-and-so, son of so-and-so! Would it have pleased you if you had obeyed Allah and His Apostle? We have found true what our Lord promised us. Have you too found true what your Lord promised you? "'Umar said, "O Allah's Apostle! You are speaking to bodies that have no souls!" Allah's Apostle said, "By Him in Whose Hand Muhammad's soul is, you do not hear, what I say better than they do."

[Sahih Bukhari, Volume 5, Book 59, Number 314]



above the Aqah Karim (صلی اللہ علیھ وآلھ وسلم has used the word YA (O) for dead non muslimswhich is clear proof that it was can used even after death as dead are alive .So if Sahih hadiths prove using it for Dead kafirs than how can one call using it for Aqah Karim (صلی اللہ علیھ وآلھ وسلم) as Shirk [Naoozbila]



Proof 8 



And Anas b. Malik reported that:

Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) let the dead bodies of the unbelievers who fought in Badr (lie unburied) for three days. He then came to them and sat by their side and called them and said: O Abu Jahl b. Hisham, O Umayya b. Khalaf, O Utba b. Rab'ila, O Shaiba b. Rabi'a, have you not found what your Lord had promised with you to be correct? As for me, I have found the promises of my Lord to be (perfectly) correct. Umar listened to the words of Allah's Apostle (may peace be upon him) and said: Allah's Messenger, how do they listen and respond to you? They are dead and their bodies have decayed. Thereupon he (the Holy Prophet) said: By Him in Whose Hand is my life, what I am saying to them, even you cannot hear more distinctly than they, but they lack the power to reply. Then'he commanded that they should be buried in the well of Badr.

[Sahih Muslim, Book 040, Number 6869]

,
Note
,
Here the Prophet (saleh ala waalihi wasalam) said , even you cannot hear more distinctly than they , Hence it proves that even Kafirs who are Dead can hear more clearly then alive can or equally let alone be Muslims and Prophets (aleh islam)
,
. Rasool Allah [saleh ala waalihi wasalam] says "O Abu Jahl..... O Umayya..... O Utba..." for Kafirs after they died,
 Then why cant we use "Ya Rasool Allah [saww] for our Beloved Prophet (saleh ala walihi wasalam) after his death ,



Proof 9 


Sahih Hadith states:


مَرَّ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ بِقُبُورِ الْمَدِينَةِ فَأَقْبَلَ عَلَيْهِمْ بِوَجْهِهِ فَقَالَ السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكُمْ يَا أَهْلَ الْقُبُورِ يَغْفِرُ اللَّهُ لَنَا وَلَكُمْ أَنْتُمْ سَلَفُنَا وَنَحْنُ بِالْأَثَرِ


Sayyindina lbn Abbas narrated that Allah’s Messenger — passed by some graves of Madinah. He turned his face towards them, and said: Peace be on you, O people of the grave![ السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكُمْ يَا أَهْلَ الْقُبُورِ] May Allah forgive us and you. You have gone before us and we are to follow.

[Sunan tirmidhi Chapter 59 Hadith # 1055]


See how Aqah karim [salehalawaalihi wasalam] taught the whole ummah a Dua to recite for the dead or near the graves using the word "YA"



Proof 10 : What does Every muslim Recites in Salah 5 times a day


Thats the translation of Attahiyat recited in every salat


"All the best compliments and the prayers and the good things are for Allah. Peace and Allah's Mercy and Blessings be on you, O (YA) Prophet! Peace be on us and on the pious slaves of Allah, I testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah, and I also testify that Muhammad is Allah's slave and His Apostle."[end]

so all muslims say , O (YA) Prophet every day in salat, even after His (صلی اللہ علیھ وآلھ وسلم) death, is it shirk , is ummah doing shirk ?? These all arguments are from Sahih hadiths and most authentic Wahabi/salafi tafsirs [e.g Tafseer ibn kathir ]. And these prove without a doubt that saying YA for Prophets [aleh islam] and Great Pious Muslims [awliyas] is a Sunnah. 


Proof # 11


Now coming to other Salafs [taba tabeen] even Imam Ahmed bin Hanbal ( رحمة الله عليه ) endorsed istighatha

Ibn Kathir reports:

قال الامام أحمد حججت خمس حجج منها ثلاث راجلا أنفقت في احدى هذه الحجج ثلاثين درهما قال وقد ضللت في بعضها عن الطريق وأنا ماش فجعلت أقول يا عباد الله دلوني على الطريق فلم أزل أقول ذالك حتى وقفت على الطريق( البداية والنهاية 10-418

Imam Ahmad( رحمة الله عليه ) told: I have performed hajj (pilgrimage) five times of which three were on foot. I have spent 30 Dirhams in one Hajj. In one of my pilgrimages I lost my way. And I was walking. Then I began to tell  O the servants of Allah, help me on my way. And I continued this till reach the way. 

(al bidaya wal nihaya) 


Hadith # 12


Abdullah bin Masud [ra] has narrated that the Prophet(صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said:

When you lose your means of transport in a jungle, you should call: ‘O creatures of Allah! Help me, recover my transport! O creatures of Allah! Help me, recover my transport!’ There are many of Allah’s creatures on this earth. They will help you recover it.

References:


► Tabarani narrated it in al-Mujam-ul-kabir (10:217#10518);

►Abuyala Musnad (9:177);

► Ibn us Sunni, Amal-ul-yawm wal-laylah (p.162#502)

► Haythami, Majma-uz-zawaidd (10:132)

► Imam‘Asqalani in almatalibul aliyah (3:239#3375)

Click here for Online Source 




Proof # 13



Moreover, Tabarani, in his "al-Mu'jam al saghir", reports a hadith from 'Uthman ibn Hunayf that a man repeatedly visited Uthman ibn Affan (Allah be pleased with him) concerning something he needed, but Uthman paid no attention to him or his need.

The man met Ibn Hunayf and complained to him about the matter - this being after the death (wisal) of the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) and after the caliphates of Abu Bakr and Umar - so Uthman ibn Hunayf, who was one of the Companions who collected hadiths and was learned in the religion of Allah, said:

"Go to the place of ablution and perform ablution (wudu), then come to the mosque, perform two rak'as of prayer therein, and say:

'O Allah, I ask You and turn to You through our Prophet Muhammad, the Prophet of mercy; O Muhammad (Ya Muhammad), I turn through you to my Lord, that He may fulfill my need,'

and mention your need. Then come so that I can go with you [to the caliph Uthman]."

So the man left and did as he had been told, then went to the door of Uthman ibn Affan (Allah be pleased with him), and the doorman came, took him by the hand, brought him to Uthman ibn Affan, and seated him next to him on a cushion.

'Uthman asked, "What do you need?" and the man mentioned what he wanted, and Uthman accomplished it for him, then he said, "I hadn't remembered your need until just now," adding, "Whenever you need something, just mention it."

Then, the man departed, met Uthman ibn Hunayf, and said to him, "May Allah reward you! He didn't see to my need or pay any attention to me until you spoke with him."

Uthman ibn Hunayf replied, "By Allah, I didn't speak to him, but I have seen a blind man come to the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) and complain to him of the loss of his eyesight. The Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, "Can you not bear it?' and the man replied, 'O Messenger of Allah, I do not have anyone to lead me around, and it is a great hardship for me.' The Prophet (Allah bless him and grant him peace) told him, 'Go to the place of ablution and perform ablution (wudu), then pray two rak'as of prayer and make the supplications.'"

Ibn Hunayf went on, "By Allah, we didn't part company or speak long before the man returned to us as if nothing had ever been wrong with him.""


For details on Chain [sanad] of This Sahih hadith
 (Click here )

Reference:


Al-Tabarani declared this report to be rigorously authentic ,sahih

► al-Haithami in his Majma‘ al-Zawà’id, p. 179, vol. 2 rigorously authentic ,sahih

► al-Mundhiri in his al-Targhib wa al-Tarhib rigorously authentic ,sahih 



I would like to add some Quranic refferences which refer to the PROPHET(saw) as YA NABI,O PROPHET (saw)

O Messenger.
 sufficient unto thee is Allah,- (unto thee) and unto those who follow thee among the Believers.quran 8:64

O Messenger.
 rouse the Believers to the fight. If there are twenty amongst you, patient and ...quran 8:65 

O Messenger.
 say to those who are captives in your hands: "If Allah findeth any good in your ..8:70 

O Prophet!
 strive hard against the unbelievers and the Hypocrites, and be firm against them. Their abode is Hell,- an evil refuge indeed.quran9:73

O Prophet! 
Tell thy wives and daughters, and the believing women, that they should cast their outer garments over their persons ...[33:59 quran 

O Prophet!
 We have made lawful to thee thy wives to whom thou hast paid their dowers ....33:50 quran 

[ O Prophet! 
Fear Allah, and hearken not to the ....quran 33:1

O Prophet! 
Say to thy Consorts: "If it be that ye desire the life of this World ...quran 33:28 

O Prophet!
 Truly We have sent thee as a Witness, a Bearer of Glad Tidings, and Warner,-quran 33:45 

O Prophet!
 When believing women come to thee to take the oath of fealty to thee ...quran 60:12

O Prophet!
 When ye do divorce women, divorce them at their prescribed periods, and count (accurately)quran 65:1

Quran 66:1 O Prophet!
 Why holdest thou to be forbidden that which Allah has made lawful to thee? Thou seekest to please thy consorts ...

Quran 66:9 O Prophet! 
Strive hard against the Unbelievers and the Hypocrites, ...

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